Osmeña was the fourth President of the Republic of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946.
Before he became President, Osmeña served as Governor of Cebu (1904-1907), Member and Speaker of the House of Representatives (1907-1922), Senator and Senate President (1922-1935), and Vice President (1935-1944) under Manuel L. Quezon. While he was VP, he also became Secretary of Public Instruction, Health, and Public Welfare. He was also the founder of the Nacionalista Party and the first Visayan President of the Philippines.
Osmeña was born and raised in Cebu City. He acquired his elementary education from Colegio de San Carlos. After which, he moved to Manila and studied in San Juan de Letran College for high school and took up law in University of Santo Tomas after. He placed second in the bar exam in 1903.
On May 22, 1990, Republic Act 6953 declared September 9 as a non-working holiday in the City of Cebu and the Province of Cebu to commemorate the birth of the late President.